Health

Researchers use diabetes medication as effective drug therapy for sleep-related disorder

Researchers use diabetes medication as effective drug therapy for sleep-related disorder

A team of researchers have demonstrated the potential of tirzepatide, known to manage type 2 diabetes, as the first effective drug therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), a sleep-related condition characterised by repeated episodes of irregular breathing due to complete or partial blockage of the upper airway, a new study has said.

The study published in the New England Journal of Medicine highlighted the treatment’s potential to enhance the quality of life for millions worldwide affected by OSA.

“This study marks a significant milestone in the treatment of OSA, offering a promising new therapeutic option that addresses both respiratory and metabolic complications,” said Atul Malhotra, MD, lead author of the study, professor at UC San Diego Health.

Weight loss linked with reduced cancer risk in people with obesity: Study

Weight loss linked with reduced cancer risk in people with obesity: Study

Real-world weight loss is linked with a decreased risk of obesity-related cancers, a new study has said.

The study published in the journal American Diabetes Association comprised 172 patients including 100,143 in the control arm and 5,329 cases.

The median body mass index (BMI at censoring (kg/m2.) was 34.2 for cases and 34.5 for controls, which are considered to have obesity according to the US-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Consistency is the key when practising yoga's versatile aspects: WHO

Consistency is the key when practising yoga's versatile aspects: WHO

Whether for fitness, stress relief, or holistic wellness, consistency is key when practising yoga's versatile aspects, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on the occasion of International Day of Yoga (IDY) on Friday.

Saima Wazed, WHO Regional Director for South-East Asia, said in a statement that yoga means "to unite", symbolising the harmony between body and consciousness.

“Research highlights yoga’s mental and physical health benefits -- stress reduction, anxiety relief via deep⁠-breathing and mindfulness, ⁠adjunct therapy for depression management, ⁠lower back pain relief by improving spinal flexibility and core strength, and ⁠enhanced overall quality of life,” she noted.

Drugs that treat HIV, AIDS trialled in people with brain tumour

Drugs that treat HIV, AIDS trialled in people with brain tumour

Drugs developed to combat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) are being trialled for the first time in patients with multiple brain tumours, UK-based University of Plymouth said on Friday.

University scientists at the Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence are conducting a clinical trial to see whether using anti-retroviral medications, Ritonavir and Lopinavir, could help people with Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2).

The rare inherited genetic condition causes tumours such as schwannoma (which includes acoustic neuroma), ependymoma and meningioma which develop on the membrane surrounding the brain.

Japan’s Takeda allows Sun Pharma, Cipla to market gastro drug in India

Japan’s Takeda allows Sun Pharma, Cipla to market gastro drug in India

Japan's Takeda Pharmaceutical gave India's Sun Pharmaceutical and Cipla the rights to commercialise the gastrointestinal drug Vonoprazan in the country.

The drug, which is sold in the form of tablets under the brand name 'Voltapraz', blocks a key step in the production of stomach acid, Sun Pharma said on Friday.

Takeda has granted both drugmakers non-exclusive patent licensing rights for the drug.

Cipla and Sun Pharma will independently commercialise the drug in India under their respective brands.

Doctors may soon be able to detect, diagnose cancer using AI: Study

Doctors may soon be able to detect, diagnose cancer using AI: Study

Doctors may soon be able to detect and diagnose cancer in patients using artificial intelligence (AI) that will allow for earlier treatment, a new study said on Thursday.

According to the study published in the journal Biology Methods and Protocols, the researchers from Cambridge University and Imperial College London trained an AI mode, using a combination of machine and deep learning, to look at the "DNA methylation" patterns and identify 13 different types of cancer, including breast, liver, lung, and prostate cancers -- from non-cancerous tissue with 98.2 per cent accuracy.

Clear national blood policy best way to ensure patients receive safest possible blood: Experts

Clear national blood policy best way to ensure patients receive safest possible blood: Experts

A clear national blood policy, with all its stakeholders working together, is the best way to ensure that patients receive the safest possible blood whenever they need it, said experts on World Blood Donor Day on Friday. World Blood Donor Day is observed every year on June 14 to honour and thank those people who donate their blood, voluntarily and unpaid, to give others the gift of life. According to Rahul Bhargava, Principal Director & Chief BMT, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram, investing in blood bank infrastructure and advanced testing allows us to catch potential issues early on.

Energy drinks may raise deadly irregular heartbeat condition: Study

Energy drinks may raise deadly irregular heartbeat condition: Study

Consuming energy drinks may raise the risk of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias -- an irregular heartbeat condition, especially among patients with genetic heart diseases, finds a study on Thursday. Increased caffeine content and additional unregulated ingredients in these beverages known to alter heart rate, blood pressure, and cardiac contractility may be the reason, said researchers from the Mayo Clinic in the US. They explained that energy drinks contain caffeine ranging from 80 mg to 300 mg per serving, compared with 100 mg in an 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee.

Facial thermal imaging, AI can accurately predict heart disease risk

Facial thermal imaging, AI can accurately predict heart disease risk

Using a combination of facial thermal imaging and artificial intelligence (AI) can accurately detect coronary artery disease risk, finds research published in the journal BMJ Health & Care Informatics on Tuesday. Caused by the buildup of plaques, coronary artery disease is the damage or disease in the heart's major blood vessels and can lead to heart attack. Researchers led by Tsinghua University in Beijing, China showed that thermal imaging captures temperature distribution and variations on the object’s surface by detecting the infrared radiation emitted by that object.

Antimicrobial resistance among top health threats, over 2 people die every minute: Experts

Antimicrobial resistance among top health threats, over 2 people die every minute: Experts

Calling for accelerated action against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), global experts, including from India, at the 77th World Health Assembly (decision-making body of the WHO), have once again reiterated that AMR continues to be among the top-10 global health threats. Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director General, said that AMR is a growing and urgent crisis which is already a leading cause of untimely deaths globally. He stressed that more than two people die of AMR every single minute.

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